Due to the high production of plastic that we produce in unconscious quantity, we are going so far as to consume it as food. How can this be possible? Since we explain to you. 95 % of the residues that are in the whole Mediterranean Sea floating is plastic. Then, between 20 % and 54 % are particles of microplastic, that are fibers of less of 5mm of diameter. Although we do not realize, many are part of our feeding, fact that is a study product for the possible poisonous effects that they could cause us.
The high contamination that the plastic residues generate threatens every day to the marine species and birds of our fauna. According to studies done by the Foundation Aquae, 134 marine species have turned out to be affected by the ingestion of microplastic. Between this number, we find 60 species of fish, 9 types of sea birds, 5 marine mammals, like dolphins, and 3 varieties of marine turtles, which they inhabit on the Mediterranean coasts. The most alarming of the case, is that they have gone so far as to find 150 plastic fragments inside some turtles blockhead.
The study of the Organization of Journalism Orb Media on the bottled water and tap water reveals that Spain is the second country European that more plastic it spills to the Mediterranean Sea, a whole of 126 daily tons, as has informed Tapp Water. Turkey is the first country in generating plastic residues (144 tons), Italy (90 tons), Egypt (77 tons) and France (66 tons), as he informs the foundation Aquae.
Not only the Mediterranean Sea turns out to be affected by the contamination of the residues of plastic, since 80 % of the garbage that keeps on floating in the oceans is plastic. Alarming number, since for 2050 he hopes to go over to 12.000 millions and that every year provokes the death of 10.000 marine animals and triumphs with another 700 species.
The report of Foundation Aquae indicates that Asia is the continent that spills more tons of plastic in the oceans to the year (1.210.000 tons), followed by Africa (109.200 tons), Europe (3.900 tons) and Oceania, which spills 300 tons of plastic to the sea annually.
The problem of the residues of plastic is that abiental, social, economic has turned a headache for the average care and up to sanitary. Studies prepared by the Canadian university British Columbia warn that a person can consume and breathe between 70.000 and 121.000 particles of microplastic a year. It is still deciding by means of studies if this ingestion is harmful to our health.